Marigat, Baringo County, Kenya
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Lake Bogoria National Reserve
Lake Bogoria National Reserve

Lake Bogoria has been described in the past as the “jer-velof the rift valley’ and by the words of bishop Hannington who was on his way to Uganda Located in Rift Valley province Koibatek and Baringo Districts in 1881 on the first sight, “the most beautiful 0ew in Africa with the backdrop of the eastern wall of the great rift valley It is a stunning beauty that has always enchanted its visitors. The contrast in color’s from the grasslands into the lake and the sky above can only be describe the place as Nature’s studio It sit on the floor of the eastern wall of the Great rift valley from which the escarpment forms one of Kenya’s most picturesque backdrops

Longitude 36º 4 and 36º 7 East 0º 20 N Altitude varies from 1000-1650 A.S.L Coverage of
107 km2 and 34 km2 area covered by water (Depending on lake fluctuation)

LOCATION

Reserve lies below the eastern Wall of the Great Rift Valley Lake Bogoria National Reserve is about 285km 2 North of Nairobi. Which can be accessed by road through three gates; Loboi, Majimoto and Ernsos. The main access is along Nakuru-Marigat Road, Which is 3KM before  Marigat town junction, to the right turnoff clearly marked LBNR. Loboi gate is 20km from this turnoff Other gates are Majimoto and Ernsoe vvhich can be accessed through a rough
earth road that branches off to the right just before Mogotio shopping centre, 36km from  Nakuru town. The reserve can also be accessed. by air through an airstrip in Lake Baringo and  then by road to Marigat junction.

CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS

  • 1973 –Gazetted as National Reserve
  • 1981-Established under WCMD –KWS
  • 1989-Assumed by B.C.C
  • 1996-B.C.C and K.C.C through J.M.C
  • 2001-Status of third Ramsar site
  • Recognized as I.B.A no 45
  • 2011(24 June)-World heritage site

CLIMATE

Rainfall of 960mm yr in lower catchment and 1000mm yr in upper catchment Temperature of 18º-40ºc and mean of 25ºc

FORMATION
Cultural explanation (Myth) Sogomo legend
I. Afterbirth/milk/rain
II. Algal bloom (water changing its color )
III. Spirit and socio economic activities

SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION

Unique volcanic landscape deposited longtime ago also Faulting, warping, and volcanicity related to the formation of the Rift valley. Evidence are vents, Hot spring and geysers evidence of rifting process

Unique volcanic landscape deposited longtime ago also Faulting.

CLIMATE

Rainfall of 960mm yr in lower catchment and 1000mm yr in upper catchment Temperature of 18º-40ºc and mean of 25ºc

FORMATION
Cultural explanation (Myth) Sogomo legend
I. Afterbirth/milk/rain
II. Algal bloom (water changing its color )
III. Spirit and socio economic activities

SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION

Unique volcanic landscape deposited longtime ago also Faulting, warping, and volcanicity related to the formation of the Rift valley. Evidence are vents, Hot spring and geysers evidence of rifting process.

TOURISM ATTRACTIONS

Forms part of Midrift tourism circuit which include:
Hot springs and geysers

Landscape
Avian –310 bird species over 50 migratory Flamingos (Lesser and Greater) Wild animals I.e. Lion, Greater Kudu, Klipsespringer, Patas monkey, Baboons among others Flora: Swamps, Marshes, Springs and rivers Community sanctuaries (Chuine,Irong and Rugus) View points, cultural centers and extended treasures of the Midrift. Community conservation initiative Aquaculture, bee keeping e.t.c

NATURAL RESOURCES OF CULTURAL AND SOCIO ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE

Pastures: for animal grazing
Rituals ceremonies: which are done at the sanctuaries around the lake
Fresh water resources
Salt lick and trona (Magadi soda): mainly from the lake
Honey ,wild fruits and vegetable Forest

CHALLENGES

Poaching: of most of the animals in the park such as the greater kudu
Political influences
Pasture competition: from most of the communities who are pastoralists with large herds of animals
Human wildlife Conflict.
Polution: from the Waseges which flows through regions of intensive coffee cultivation where heavy use is made of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, which may be polluting the lake

VEGETATION COVER

Characterized by semi arid vegetation
Approx 210 plant species:
On the shoresL: are fringe of grasses {sprobollus spp and Cyperus laevigatus} interspersed with clumps of shrubs
Ridges : are Acacia and Commiphora trees, Ficus cappensis, acacia Xanthophloea and Acacia Tortilis.
Swamps: they include ,Typha, reeds and papyrus ,

AQUATIC ECOLOGY

Ph of the lake is 9.8-10.3,conductivity of 10,000-70,000s/cm and drained by the Waseges, Emsos, Fig tree but with no outlet
Over 200 hot springs and geysers –contain bacteria described as novel genera ,Bogoriella caeslica
Lake support dense bloom of cynophite (Spirulina platensis) sometimes absent
Green –Orange: cigal mats around h.springs known to be chloroflexus-Synechococcus etc The lake has no fish Chironomid larvae spp Rotifers ,Brachionus plicalities dominate the micro invertebrate fauna

Lake contains no Macrophytes but the lakes shore is dominated by salt tolerant grass species of sporobolous spicatus with sedge Cyperus laevigatus around the hot springs

POSITIVE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS

  • Social-Cultural interference
  • Human and livestock increase
  • Unregulated water abstraction
  • Wood for lighting and cooking used by the locals
  • Conservation of most of the animals also those that are threatened
  • The reserve provides a wide area for scientific research on how to conserve the animals i.e lesser flamingos

EFFECTS

  • Hydrological disruption
  • Decline in water quality and quantity
  • Loss of pasture
  • Overstocking
  • Cultural erosion
  • Land degradation ,invader plant species
  • Decline in natural resources and encroachment into LBNR, swamps e.t.c.

Hydrological disruption

CONSEQUENCES

  • Unsustainable livelihoods
  • Loss of biodiversity
  • Poverty prevalence
  • Unsustainable environmental conservation
  • Effect on social -cultural influential

INTERVENTION

  • Community stake holders consult on way forward
  • Pasture establishment and crop productions
  • A forestation (Fruit tree promotion)
  • Sustainable irrigation practices, New Technology
  • Improved bee keeping, Livestock
  • Conservation education by WCK, NGOs, CBOs ,and partners

WAY FORWARD

  • Revision of management plan-2007-2010
  • Database development
  • Catchments Monitoring
  • Development of management laws as per the county council by-laws and the constitution of Kenya.
  • Adhering with both National and International Treaties and conversations.
  • Adoption of millennium/Development goals-vision 2030

SOME COMMON TOOLS USED FOR COMMUNICATION WITH VISITORS

  • Brochures and leaflets
  • Specialized guides, keys and checklists
  • Self-guided trail
  • Guided tours
  • Wilderness trails.
  • Visitor information centers.
  • Education centers.
  • Informal contact-All reserve staff must therefore be well informed of the natural history of the PA, wildlife found within and its behaviors
  • Visitor opinion gathering feedback -Communication is a two way traffic
  • Cultural centers facilities.

“As pressures on land increase and Population increase, protected areas will not survive intact unless the real benefits they confer are appreciated by the whole community”

BARINGO COUNTY GOVERNMENT
LAKE BOGORIA NATIONAL RESERVE, P.O BOX 64-(304003) MARIGAT, CELLPHONE+254 700404462/732370114
Email.lakebogoriareserve@gmail.com,website:www.lakebogoriareserve.com

For further clarifications contact us using the following: Tel. No. Chief Warden-0720 317 760, Senior Warden 0721 473 478, Game Warden- 0722 446 262

Between 970m at the lake to 1650m on Siracho escarpment. The reserve lies close to Eastern wall of the great rift valley. Lake Bogoria National Reserve is about 285km2 North of Nairobi. Which can be accessed by road through three gates; Loboi, Maji¬moto and Ernsos. The main access is along Na¬kuru-Marigat Road, vvhich is 3KM before Marigat town junc¬tion, to the right turnoff clearly marked LBNR. Loboi gate is 20km from this turnoff Other gates are Majimoto and Ernsoe vvhich can be accessed through a rough earth road that branches off to the right just before Mogo¬tio shopping centre, 36km from Nakuru town. The reserve can also be accessed. by air through an airstrip in Lake Baringo and then by road to Marigat junction. BACKGROUND. Until recently, the lake was named Lake Hennington after an. Lake Bogoria National Reserve was gazetted on 29th Nov 1973 as a National Reserve , with an area of 107km2 (34km2 covered by water)

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